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Units & Measurements

 
 
 
  • Phon - Watt
 
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Phon
A logarithmic measure of sound loudness closely related to the decibel. The unit decibel is used for objective measurements, that means, they measure the actual pressure of the sound waves as recorded using a microphone. The unit phon is used for subjective measurements, which means, measurements made using the ears of a human listener.
A sound has the loudness 'p' phon if it seems to the listener to be equal in loudness to the sound of a pure tone of the frequency 1 kilohertz and strength 'p' decibel. A measurement in phons will be similar to a measurement in decibel, but not identical, since the perceived loudness of a sound depends on the distribution of frequencies in the sound as well as the pressure of the sound waves. In the U.S., sound loudness is frequently measured in sones rather than phons: a sound of loudness x sones has loudness 10 log2 x + 40 phons.
See also Acoustic Noise.
Pixel
The pixel is a picture element. Pixels do not have a fixed size; their diameters are generally measured in micrometers (microns). Although the pixel is not a unit of measurement itself, pixels are often used to measure the resolution (or sharpness) of images.
 Further Reading:
  Basics:
How Many? A Dictionary of Units of Measurement© Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel HillOpen this link in a new window
Wednesday, 21 March 2001   by www.unc.edu    
Volt
(V) The SI unit of electric potential.
Definition: The amount of potential energy present per unit of charge. 1 volt representing a potential of 1 joule per coulomb of charge.
The unit is named for the Italian scientist Count Alessandro Volta.
Watt
(W) The SI unit of power.
Definition: 1 watt is equal to a power rate of one joule of work per second of time or in electrical terms it is the power produced by a current of one ampere flowing through an electric potential of one volt.
Power is the rate at which work is done, or the rate at which energy is expended and is used both in mechanics and in electricity.
The unit is named for James Watt, a British engineer.
  Ampere - Decibel top
 
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