| UltraSound - Technology Information Portal||Wednesday, 17 January 2018 |
(kg) The base SI unit of mass of the metric system. |
Definition: 1 kilogram is defined as the mass of the standard kilogram, a platinum-iridium bar in the custody of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) near Paris, France.
A traditional unit of mass or weight is also the pound (in general use, e.g. in the United States and Great Britain), with the symbol lb (derived from the Latin word libra).
1 kg = 2.204627 pound (lb. av., lbs.)
1 pound (lb. av., lbs.) = 0.453 kg.
Smaller units are, e.g.
1 000 gram (g) = 1 kg
1 000 milligram (mg) = 1 g
1 000 microgram (µg) = 1 mg
(m) The SI base unit of distance. |
Definition: 1983 defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum during the time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.
The speed of light in a vacuum, c, is one of the fundamental constants of nature.
1 meter (m) is equal to approximately 39.370 079 inches (in)
1 meter is equal to approximately 3.280 840 feet (ft)
1 meter is equal to approximately 1.093 613 3 yard (yd)
1 square meter (m²) is equal to approximately 10.763911 square feet (ft²)
1 inch = 2.54 centimeters
Smaller or larger units are, e.g.:
1 (m) = 1 000 millimeter (mm)
1 kilometer (km) = 1 000 (m)
1 kilometer (km) = 0.62137 (statute) miles (mi)
See also system international.
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(N) The SI unit of force. |
Definition: 1 Newton will accelerate a mass of 1 kilogram at the rate of 1 meter per second per second.
The relationship between force (F), mass (m), and acceleration (a) is expressed by the formula F = ma.
The Newton is named for Isaac Newton (1642-1727), the British mathematician, physicist, and natural philosopher.
(Osm) A unit of osmotic pressure used in physical chemistry, cell biology, and medicine. |
Definition: 1 osmole is the osmotic pressure of a one molar solution (that is, a solution with a concentration of one mole per liter of solvent) of a substance that does not dissociate.
If chemical solutions are separated by a semipermeable membrane (a membrane that resists the passage of dissolved substances but permits the passage of the solvent, usually water), then the solvent will diffuse across the membrane to equalize the concentrations. This process is called osmosis.
Solutions with higher concentrations of dissolved substances are said to have higher osmotic pressure than solutions having lower concentrations; thus the solvent moves from an area of low osmotic pressure to an area of higher osmotic pressure.
Osmotic pressure depends on the total number of dissolved particles, so for a substance that dissociates into two ions, such as ordinary salt (sodium chloride), a one molar solution has an osmotic pressure of 2 osmoles. In practice, most measurements are in milliosmoles (mOsm). Typical values range from 20 mOsm for fresh water through 290 mOsm for typical human blood plasma to 1010 mOsm for salt water from the open ocean.
See also Part Per Million, and Mole.
(Pa) The SI unit of pressure. |
Definition: 1 Pascal is equal to 1 N/m2 = 1 J/m3 = 1 kg·m-1·s-2
1 kPa = 0.145 lbf/in2.
Air pressure is measured in hectoPascal (hPa), with 1 hPa = 1 millibar.
The unit is named for Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), French philosopher and mathematician.
See also Open Circuit Voltage, and Source Level.
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