UltraSound - Technology Information PortalWednesday, 22 February 2017



Units & Measurements

  • Fahrenheit - Kelvin
This unit of temperature is still used customarily in the United States.
Definition: 0° is the coldest temperature achieved by using an ice and salt mixture, and 100° is set at the temperature of the human body. On this scale, the freezing point of water turned out to be about 32 °F and the boiling point about 212 °F.
1°F equals 5/9 °C. To convert a temperature in °F to the Celsius scale, first subtract 32° and then multiply by 5/9. In the other direction, to convert a temperature in °C to the Fahrenheit scale, multiply by 9/5 and then add 32°. The unit was defined by the German physicist Fahrenheit.
See also Thermal Units Per Hour.
 Further Reading:
Welcome to NODC Unit Conversion GuideOpen this link in a new window
Monday, 4 August 2003   by www.nodc.noaa.gov    
(F) The number of cycles of a periodic process per unit time. Frequency and wavelength are inversely related. The higher the frequency the smaller the wavelength. The frequency of ultrasound is expressed in units of hertz (Hz), where 1 Hz = 1 cycle per second.
The effect of different frequencies on tissue penetration:
The higher the frequency the less the penetration, the lower the frequency the greater the penetration. As frequency increases, resolution improves but the imaging depth or penetration decreases. The lower the axial resolution, the more detail can be seen.
Usual frequencies for pediatric ultrasound: 5.0mHz to 7.5mHz and 10mHz.
Usual frequencies for adult ultrasound: 2.0mHz to 3.0mHz.
See also Doppler Interrogation Frequency, Multi-frequency Probe, and Huygens Principle.
 Further Reading:
An Introduction to UltrasoundOpen this link in a new window
   by www.cis.rit.edu    
  News & More:
Normal Ultrasound of the SpineOpen this link in a new window
   by rad.usuhs.mil    
(Hz) The standard SI unit of frequency.
Definition: The number of repetitions of a periodic process per unit time. It is equal to the old unit cycles or oscillations each second of a simple harmonic motion. The unit is named for the German physicist Heinrich Rudolf Hertz.
Larger units are
kilohertz (kHz) = 1 000 Hz
megahertz (MHz) = 1 000 kHz
gigahertz (GHz) = 1 000 MHz
 Further Reading:
UltrasoundOpen this link in a new window
Thursday, 20 October 2005   by en.wikipedia.org    
(J) The SI unit of work or energy.
Definition: The work done by a force of 1 Newton acting to move an object through a distance of 1 meter in the direction in which the force is applied.
Since kinetic energy is one half the mass times the square of the velocity, 1 joule is the kinetic energy of a mass of two kilograms moving at a velocity of 1 m/sec.
The joule is named for the British physicist James P. Joule.
(K) The SI unit of temperature.
Definition: One Kelvin is 1/273.16 of the difference between the triple point of water (at exactly 273.16 K) and absolute zero.
The triple point of water is the temperature at which water can exist simultaneously in the gaseous, liquid, and solid states. Absolute zero is the temperature at which all molecular motion discontinues. 0 K is according to -273.15° Celsius and -459° Fahrenheit.
  Kilogram - Pascal top
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